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II sec.B.C. Probable
period of Pistoia's origin.
IV sec.A.D. Pistoia oppidum romano (Ammiano Marcellino).
Early V sec. The Radagaiso Goths destroy the city.
Mid VI sec. The city is ruled by the Byzantine iudex.
Late VI sec. Pistoia, conquered by the Lombards, becomes a royal
city and a gastaldato.
VII-VIII sec. Lombard rule.
IX sec. Frankish rule, followed by the ltalic reign (888) and
the Ottonian dynasty; centralized power is weakened to the advantage
of local lords.
X-XI sec. Feudal powers of the bishop and of the Cadolingi and
Guidi Counts are strengthened; the economy and population start
to take off.
1105 The Commune is founded.
Docurnents refer for the first time to the presence of Consuls,
later replaced by the governor.
XII sec. The first statute of the Commune.
Pistoia widens its territorial boundaries, increases its urban
area, begins collaborative relations with Pisa, another Ghibelline
city. Pistoia is involved in military actions against Florence
and Lucca who curb its expansion
Mid XII sec. The relic of San Jacopo arrives in Pistoia from
Fighting with the nearby cities of Florence, Lucca and Bologna.
Several powerful merchant-bankers frorn Pistoia are active on
an international level.
The Guelf party gains in strength, weakening the still powerful
1251-1254 War with Florence. In the peace treaty of Empoli (1254)
Pistoia cedes its government to the Guelfs supported by Florence.
1260-1266 The revival and definitive fall of the Ghibelline
1267 Pistoia is once again under Fiorentine control.
1295 Florence strengthens its position in the city.
1305-1306 The siege of Pistoia.
After eleven rnonths of siege the city surrenders to the allied
forces of Florence and Lucca; the city wall is torn down.
1329-1351 Progressive Fiorentine predominance over Pistoia.
1336 Cino da Pistoia dies.
1348 The black plague in Pistoia.
statutes are revised and placed under Florentine rule.
1434 Cosimo il Vecchio dei Medici comes to power.
1436 Donato dei Medici becomes Bishop of Pistoia.
1469 Giuliano and Lorenzo dei Medici come to power.
1478 Lorenzo the Magnificent is Lord of Florence.
1490 The miracle of the Virgin of Humility.
1492-1494 The death of Lorenzo and the exile of the Medici from
1494-1512 The Fiorentine Republic under Pier Soderini; Pistoia
Is devastated by fighting between opposing Panciatichi and Cancellieri
factions for the nomination of Administrator of the Ospedale
del Ceppo. (1498)
1512 The Medici return to power.
1512-1537 Harsh conflict among city factions follows the fortunes
of the Medici party in Florence
1527 The Medici flee from Florence and there is a brief republican
1529 The Cancellieri family are driven out of Pistoia and their
1530 Alessandro dei Medici returns to Florence. (The death of
Francesco Ferrucci in Gavinana.)
1537 Cosimo I cornes to power.
1538-1546 Pistoians are forbidden access to public magistrate
1569 Tuscany becomes a Grand Duchy
1630 The plague described by Manzoni in The Betrothed breaks
out in Pistoia
1643 The siege of Pistoia.
1667 Giulio Rospigliosi is elected Pope
1777 Institution of the Civic Community of Pistoia
1786 The Synod of Pistoia
1796 The French control the city.
1814 The Lorenas return to Florence.
1849 Austrian occupation of Pistoia.
1861 The Kingdom of Italy.
1927 Pistoia becomes a province